Onlays son más grandes y extendida versión de Incrustaciones y cubren una o más de las cúspides cariados. Material utilizado en incrustaciones o. PRÓXIMAMENTE LES COMUNICAREMOS DE LAS FECHAS PROGRAMADAS PARA EL CURSO DE INCRUSTACIONES INLAY-ONLAY. Type of composit inlay according to the manufacturing process. ◇ Direct method: inlay is made into the mouth. Preparation, isolation of tooth, modellation, light-.

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A functional occlusal bevel should be created on the occlusal loading cusp of molar teeth by holding the bur at a 45 o angle to the occlusal surface. It is important kncrustaciones ensure adequate oral hygiene before providing any indirect restoration as failure to manage the caries risk of an individual may result in recurrent caries.

Further strengthening incrustacuones the material can be done by applying zirconium oxide. Just as inlays, onlays are fabricated outside of the mouth and are typically made out of gold or porcelain.

This is an alternative to a direct restorationmade out of composite, amalgam or glass ionomerthat is built up within the mouth. Once confirmed, the milling process can begin.

However, for indirect restorations using gold then the preparation shape must have parallel walls as most the retention is gained from the cavity shape. In the majority of clinical situations incrustafiones inlay preparation is being made from a tooth that already has a Class II restoration and is being prepared to protect the tooth.

Incrustaciones Inlay – Onlay

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. To ensure longevity it is beneficial to avoid heavy occlusal forces. Oxford, London, Edinburgh, Melbourne: Prior to cementation of the restoration onto the prepared the tooth, the layer of separating materials needs to be removed to ensure effective bonding between the tooth and the restoration.


Resin composite is widely used in dentistry as a direct and indirect restorative material. Whereas an onlay will involve one or more cusps being covered.

Inlays and onlays

For tooth preparation, firstly start with occlusal reduction which depending on the restorative material being used can range from 0.

This can lead to shrinkage stress and rarely to marginal gaps and failure. Inlays incrustaciohes Onlays are contraindicated in patients with parafunctional habits and heavy occlusal forces. This can protect remaining tooth structure.

Historically inlays and onlays will have been made from gold and this material is still commonly used today. Inlay wax is chosen due to its brittleness — it breaks upon removal from undercut of a cavity, either on the die or in the mouth. It is possible for these indirect restorations to be provided in one visit.

For technique 1, a wax pattern is designed on the die from the cast impressions and for technique 2 the wax is packed into the tooth preparation in the mouth and adapted the shape of the olnay. The metal can be melted using either gas and compressed air, gas and oxygen or electric arc.

The onlay allows for conservation of tooth structure when the only alternative is to totally eliminate cusps and perimeter walls for restoration with a crown. Inlays and onlays are cemented in the mouth using adhesive resin luting cements. Following sintering, the outer surface of the sub-structure is painted with lanthanum aluminosilicate glass powder. This property allows gold to be used in thinner cross sections, meaning less tooth tissue needs to be removed during tooth preparation compared to other restorative materials, to achieve the same strength.


The milling process uses pre-fabricated blocks of restorative material, e. The preparation of inlays and onlays mainly follows the same basic concepts of indirect restorations. If a tooth has extensive caries or tooth surface loss which would provide difficulty bonding an inlay or onlay then it might be more appropriate to consider a full coverage extra coronal restoration.

However, ceramic used as a restorative material without metal reinforcement have reduced strength and more prone to failure.

The use of gold as a restorative material for the production of inlays and onlays is fading due to the increase in usage of more aesthetically pleasing tooth coloured materials. Compared to ceramic [34] and gold [35] inlays and onlays, composite can provide similar advantages, but a comparison of the longevity of composite is unknown.

The container, or casting cylinder, is then placed in a furnace to burn out the onlwy and what is left is a hollow shape ready for molten metal to be ibcrustaciones into. Luting cements can have a low modulus or a high modulus.

All of the benefits of an inlay are present in the onlay restoration. The restoration is firstly removed and then the cavity can be converted by ensuring any undercuts are eliminated from the preparation.